Global Health and Fitness impacts us all:
- During the last two decades there has been a fundamental shift in global patterns of disease.
- New epidemics of chronic illness are following in the wake of rapid urbanization and economic change.
- Communicable vs non-communicable disease
- A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is not caused by infectious agents.
- NCDs refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.
- NCDs are the leading cause of death globally.
Here are the leading global health fitness issues:
- NCDs: Cancer, heart disease, and diabetes
- Mental Health
- Nutrient levels fall, obesity rates rise
- Youths and substance abuse
- Dangerous complacency towards HIV
- Shortages of primary healthcare workers and doctors.
Mental Health – The mental health consequences of war, displacement, gender-based violence, natural disasters, and other trauma. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, dementia, substance abuse, and other mental health challenges that affect mental health and well-being are fundamental to our collective and individual ability as humans to think and interact with each other, earn a living, and enjoy life,” says a World Health Organization.
Nutrient levels fall, obesity rates rise – Hunger goes hand-in-hand with poverty, and food scarcity is still a huge health care challenge around the world. We’re seeing the effects of a high-calorie, low-nutrient diet in our rising rates of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, ailments that overburden our health sectors. The same dangerous food trends (and the noncommunicable diseases that result) are now spreading into poorer nations.
Cancer, heart disease, and diabetes – Cancer kills more people in low- and middle-income countries than HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis combined.
Youth – Today we have the largest population of youth in human history. Of the seven billion people on the planet, more than three billion are under the age of 25. More than 80% percent of 15- to 25-year-olds live in developing countries.
Dangerous complacency around HIV – Great strides in HIV treatment and management over the past decade, along with successes in reducing the stigma against people who live with the virus, have had some troubling side effects. In some areas, such as northern Namibia (where HIV rates among women in particular reach almost 31%, many have come to think of HIV as a normal part of life, a manageable issue like any other chronic condition. The results can include a loss of caution and more new infections.While UNAIDS and other major organizations have vowed to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. We’re now at a crucial point from which it will be all too easy to backslide.
Strikes, shortages and other labor woes in the health workforce – Specialized nurses leave the country en masse for jobs in North America and Europe. And massive strike amongst health workers demanding better working conditions has left millions of people without access to health care. The global shortage of health workers is getting worse. And in many countries, it’s leaving doctors, nurses, midwives and others to burn out in bad working conditions – or leave their countries altogether – while their communities suffer under lower-quality care.